Standard ELA 4yr 1.5 Use and talk about new vocabulary through rich texts, projects, guided conversation, and play.
ACTIVITY 1: What Am I?
This game is about finding the words to explain something. It will expand your child’s vocabulary of adjectives and verbs.
How to play What am I?
· Your child closes her eyes and you find any object in the room and hide it behind your back
· You must describe the object while your child guesses what it is
· Use riddle phrases such as I am long, I am shiny, I am used to eat with, I hold liquids, What am I? (a spoon)
· Give as many clues as you need to until she guesses the object
· When your child guesses correctly, it is then her turn to hide an object behind her back and describe it
The reason you should go first is to model how to use descriptive phrases without giving away what the object it. The younger your child, the simpler and more obvious the clues will be that she uses but as she gets older she will learn how to be more cryptic.
It’s often difficult to see progress in a child while you are teaching them something through play – the progress is noticed with time.
However, this is a game where you will see how quickly your child goes from giving very short, obvious clues to using language to describe the texture, colour, size, function, etc.
ACTIVITY 2: I Spy
This game is an old favourite that children love playing. It is a variation on the game above and also teaches children to use language descriptively.
How to play I spy
· Begin the game by spotting something in the same room you are playing in
· Describe the object briefly and let your child guess what it is
· For example: I spy something that is very small, blue and makes a noise if you shake it
· When she guesses, it is her turn to spy something and let you guess
To vary this game, only give one set of descriptions and then let your child have as many guesses as necessary.
In the previous game the object was hidden, whereas in this one the object is in the room and therefore should eventually be spotted. You may want to add one or two last clues if she needs some assistance.
The process of guessing and listing the many potential items in the room is also good for building vocabulary. (Empowered Parent)
ACTIVITY 3: A Bird Flies
Teach your child to use action words (verbs) with this simple game.
How to play A bird flies:
· Choose an animal, person or object (e.g. a bird)
· Ask your child to think of something a bird does (e.g. a bird flies, a bird chirps, a bird sings, a bird hops)
· Take turns choosing words (Empowered Parents)
Standard ELA 4yr 1.6 Discuss how objects can be sorted into categories( for example, shapes, foods)
ACTIVITY 1: Categories
This game teaches children new words as well as their meaning, context and the relationship between words. How to play Categories:
· Choose a category – fruit, kitchen, the zoo, music, clothes, etc
· Make a long string of words that belong in the category by taking turns adding a word each
· Each word may only be said once
· If you repeat a word, choose a word that doesn’t belong or simply run out of ideas, choose a new category and start again
· Stay motivated by writing down the record of how many words in a category and try to beat it
This game is great for teaching children to understand the context of words and how they relate to each other. Words do not live in isolation but work together.
Children may have a good vocabulary of general words but are also able to start developing some theme-specific words that are more unusual in everyday language. As they grow up and develop more interests they also learn the jargon related to their interests.
While playing this game, try to throw in some interesting, less common words now and again when it is your turn, explaining any words that your child doesn’t know. (Empowered Parents)
ACTIVITY 2: Which One Doesn’t Fit?
How to play Which one doesn’t fit?
· Choose a category (without saying it out loud)
· Say a list of 4 or 5 words, all belonging to the category, except one word which should not belong to that category
· Your child must spot the word that doesn’t belong
This is not as easy as the previous games because it requires another level of thought. Because you are not telling your child what the category is, he has to first listen to all the words and find a common relationship between all but one of them.
You can make this as easy or as difficult as you want, depending on your child’s age and how much he is ready to be challenged.
Here is the difference between an easy round and an advanced round:
· Apple, peach, banana, fish (fruits – fish is the odd word)
· Book, sock, bed, plate, pillow (things found in a bedroom – plate is the odd word)
ACTIVITY 3: Sorting at the Zoo – an interactive computer game
What do whales, jellyfish, and swordfish have in common? How about lions, gorillas, and giraffes? In this interactive sorting and categorizing game, children will get to flex their budding math and comparison skills. Young zoologists will sort land animals, water animals, and people into like categories by moving them to their correct places in the zoo scene. They then are asked to determine which category has the most items. Sorting at the zoo is a great way to help preschoolers understand how math, data, and categories fit into their everyday lives.